ACT AND ORDINANCES
THE ASSAM (TEMPORARILY SETTLED
AREAS) TENANCY ACT 1971
(a) Towards acquisition of ownership right
75 per cent of the total compensation
(b) Towards acquisition of intermediary rights
25 per cent of the total compensation.
26. (1) In all cases of acquisition under this Chapter, the Deputy Commissioner shall give notice to the land-lord and all other persons having interests in the land and also fix a copy thereof in a conspicuous place of his office. He shall thereafter make an enquiry as prescribed, hear objections if any and then make an order determining the compensation payable for acquisition of ownership rights as also intermediary rights if any and apportion the same where necessary.
(2) (a) If the acquisition be under section 22, the Deputy Commissioner shall pay the amount as determined from the fund placed at his disposal within a period of 3 months from the date of his passing orders under sub-section (1) above.
(b) If the acquisition be under the provisions of Section 23, the Deputy Commissioner shall direct the occupancy tenant or under-tenant as the case may be to deposit the amount within a period of one month from the date of the order under sub-section (1) above and pay the compensation within a period of three months from the date of the said order under sub-section (I).
(3) In all cases of acquisition under section 22, the occupancy tenant or under-tenant as the case may be, shall pay to the Government in 5 equated annual instalments the compensation as determined by the Deputy Commissioner, the first instalment payable being due on the expiry of 3 months from the date of his order.
Where any instalment of compensation is not deposited in the Treasury within 30 days from the date of its becoming due, the Deputy Commissioner shall proceed to recover the instalments as if it were an arrear of land revenue.
(4) (a) In case of acquisition under section 22, on deposit of the first instalment of compensation as assessed, the Deputy Commissioner shall issue to the erstwhile tenant a certificate of ownership right and also correct the revenue records.
(b) In case of acquisition under section 23, on deposit of the compensation as assessed, the Deputy Commissioner shall issue to the erstwhile tenant a certificate of ownership right and also correct the revenue records.
(5) In case of dispute as to the person or persons who are entitled to receive the amount of compensation money, the amount shall be kept in deposit in a Government treasury and the dispute shall be referred to the Civil Court having jurisdiction and the amount shall then be paid in terms of the final decision of the court.
27. Notwithstanding anything contained in any law, custom or agreement no tenant shall be liable to pay rent whether in cash or in kind at a rate exceeding the maximum rate of rent as provided for hereinafter following.
28. The maximum rate of rent payable by an occupancy or non-occupancy tenant shall be as follows:—
(a) In case of cash rent, not exceeding 3 times of the land revenue payable for such land,
(b) In case of crop-rent, a rate of rent not exceeding one-fifth of the produce of the principal crop grown in each agricultural year:
Provided that where the crop fails due to natural calamities and/or payment of the crop share is not possible due to circumstances beyond the control of the tenant, a sum equal to double of annual land revenue payable by his immediate land-lord for such holding shall be fair rent:
Provided further that a tenant desiring to pay his rent in cash in lieu of crop-rent may, after giving a written notice of not less than 30 days to the land-lord, pay the money value of the crop deliverable by him to his landlord, computed on the basis of the market value of the principal crop prevailing at the time of harvesting at the locality concerned.
29. Subject to the maximum limits laid down in section 28 of his Act, the rent of a tenant shall be liable to enhancement on one or more of the following grounds, namely: —
(i) That the productive powers of the land held by the tenant have been increased by fluvial action; or
(ii) That the productive powers of the land held by the tenant have been increased by any improvement effected by or at the expense of the landlord; or
(iii) That the area of the tenant's holding has been increased by alluvion or otherwise; or
(iv) That the revenue rate payable by the landlord to the State Government in respect of the holding of the tenant has increased.
30. A land-lord of any holding desiring an enhancement of rent on any ground mentioned in section 29 may apply to the Deputy Commissioner stating the specific ground on which the claim for enhancement rests. The Deputy Commissioner shall thereupon make the necessary inquiry, and may, for that purpose, cause an inspection of the land by a Revenue Officer, and shall thereafter pass such orders as deemed fit subject always to the maximum rate of rent laid down in section 28 of this Act:
Provided that —
(1) Where an enhancement is claimed under section 29(i), the Deputy Commissioner shall not take into account any increase in productive powers due to fluvial action, which is merely temporary or casual;
(2) Where the enhancement is claimed under section 29(ii), the Deputy Commissioner shall have regard to actual increase in productive powers caused by the improvement, the cost of improvement, and also the increase or decrease, if any, in the cost of cultivation for utilising the improvement.
31. The rent of a tenant shall be, liable to reduction on one or more of the following grounds, namely:—
(i) That the productive powers of the land held by the tenant have been decreased due to any action of the land-lord or due to any cause beyond the control of the tenant during the currency of the present tenancy; or
(ii) That the area of the tenant's holding has been decreased by diluvion, or by acquisition for public purpose; or
(iii) That the revenue rate payable by his landlord to the State Government in respect of the tenant's holding has decreased.
32. A tenant desiring any reduction of rent or any one or more of the grounds mentioned in section 31 may apply to be Deputy Commissioner stating the specific ground on which the claim for reduction rests. The Deputy Commissioner shall thereupon make the necessary enquiry and may, for this purpose, cause an inspection of the land by a Revenue Officer, and shall thereafter pass such orders as deemed fit.
33. Enhancement or reduction of rent, as the case may be, will take effect from the date of the order of the Deputy Commissioner.
34. (1) Cash-rent shall become due for payment a fortnight earlier than the corresponding land revenue which is payable by his land-lord becomes due for payment, or where such land-lord is not liable to pay the revenue, would have become payable had it been assessed to revenue.
(2) Crop-rent shall become due for delivery within 60 days from the date of harvesting the crop.
35. Rent not paid when it falls due shall be deemed to be an arrear.
36. No arrear of rent shall be realisable otherwise than by a rent-suit filed in the competent Civil Court . They procedure for such rent-suit shall be according to the provisions of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908 and the plaint shall, in addition to matters mentioned in ruls 1,2,4,5 and 6 and sub-rule (2) of Rule 9 of Order VII in the first Schedule to Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, specify the area of the land to which the suit relates and where fields are numbered in the village papers, the number and area of each field and, in suits for arrears, the amount of the yearly rent which is payable. Where the land to which the suit relates does not form one or more fields numbered in the village papers the plaint shall contain a sufficient description of the land and its boundaries.
37. (i) Every tenant who pay his rent shall be entitled to obtain forthwith from his land-lord a written receipt signed by the landlord or his authorised agent.
(ii) The receipt shall contain a description of the land for which the rent has been paid, the total amount of rent due, the amount of rent in cash or the quantity of rent in kind that has been paid and the year for which it has been paid.
(iii) If a receipt does not contain substantially the above particulars, it shall be presumed, until the contrary is shown, to be a full acquittance of the rent due from the tenant.
(iv) When a land-lord or his agent, without reasonable cause, fails to deliver to the tenant a receipt as required by the foregoing sub-sections, the land-lord shall be liable to pay as compensation to the tenant a sum not exceeding two hundred rupees for each default.
38. (1) When a landlord refuses to accept any rent when tendered to him by a tenant or when the tenant is in bonafide doubt as to who is entitled to receive the rent, the tenant may make an application to the Revenue Officer in the prescribed manner seeking permission to deposit the cash rent or money rent as the case may be along with the cost of transmission, and fee for notice.
(2) The Revenue Officer, if satisfied after enquiry in the prescribed manner, as to the bonafide of the circumstances preventing the tenant from paying the rent to his landlord, shall accept the amount tendered and issue a receipt thereof. The receipt shall be deemed to be a valid discharge of the rent actually deposited by the tenant.
(3) In cases of refusal to accept the rent the Revenue Officer shall remit the rent deposited by the tenant by Money Order to the last known address of the landlord.
(4) In other cases the Revenue Officer shall cause a notice about the fact of deposit of rent in his office fixed in a conspicuous place and also to be served on any person whom he has reason to believe, is entitled to deposit. He shall thereafter proceed to hear the person or persons interested in the manner prescribed and if there is no dispute, the Revenue Officer shall cause immediate payment.
In cases of dispute as to the person or persons who are entitled to receive the rent, the amount shall be kept to deposit in a Government Treasury and the dispute shall be referred to a Civil Court having jurisdiction and the amount shall then be paid in terms of the final decision of the Court.
39. (1) Where the unsatisfied rent-decree relates to arrear rent in respect of a holding of any occupancy tenant, he shall not be liable to ejectment for such area. But his holding shall be liable to sale in execution of the unsatisfied rent-decree and the land-lord shall, instead of filing a suit for ejectment, submit and application, accompanied with the rent-decree to the competent Civil Court for attaching and putting the holding of the defaulting tenant to sale, and the decree for rent shall be satisfied out of the proceeds of the sale.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Civil Procedure Code 1908, or any other law for the time being in force, the procedure for attaching and selling the holding of the defaulting tenant shall be according to the provisions hereinafter following.
40. The competent Civil Court , on receipt of the application of the land-lord, shall issue an order of attachment of the holding and also a proclamation of sale of the same.
41. The proclamation of sale shall be published in the following manner: —
(a) By affixing a copy thereof in a conspicuous place on the land of the holding, and
(b) By affixing a copy thereof in a conspicuous place of the issuing Court, and
(c) By sending by registered post to the defaulting tenant a copy of the order of attachment and a copy of the proclamation of sale.
42. The sale shall not take place until after the expiration of at least 30 days from the date on which all the three conditions of Section 41 are fully complied with:
Provided that no such sale shall take place until after a notice has been served on the judgement debtor.
43. On the date of the sale, it shall be put up to auction and sold to the highest bidder who shall pay one-fourth of the purchase money on the spot and the balance within 15 days:
Provided that, if the defaulting tenant or an interested person pays the arrear under the decree together with the cost, if any of the sale before the day fixed for sale, then, the sale shall be stayed and the land released from attachment:
Provided further that in the case of a holding of an estate pertaining to a religious institution, if the highest bid be that of a member of a different religion from the one to which the institution belongs the landlord shall have the option, to be declared in writing to the Court within 30 days of the sale, of purchasing the holding at the highest bid.
44. The proceeds of the sale, after defraying the cost of the sale due to Government, if any, shall be disposed of in the following manner: —
(a) There shall first be paid to the decree-holder the cost, if any, incurred by him in bringing the holding to sale;
(b) There shall next be paid to him the amount under the decree;
(c) The balance, if any, shall then be paid to the defaulting tenant.
45. The defaulting tenant or any interested person may, within 30 days of the date of the sale apply to the Court conducting the sale to set aside the sale on depositing in the Court, (a) the decretal amount together with cost of the sale for payment to the decree-holder, and (b) a sum equal to 5 per cent of the purchase money for payment to the auction purchaser as a penalty, and (e) the cost of the sale, if any, payable to the Government, and the Court shall thereupon set aside the sale and shall cause the amounts under (a), (b) and (c) above to be paid to the respective persons or authorities.
46. The defaulting tenant, the decree-holder or any other interested persons may, within 60 days of the date of the sale, apply to the Court to set aside the sale on the ground of material irregularity, or fraud or mistake in publishing or conducting the sale:
Provided that no sale shall be set aside on this ground unless the applicant proves to the satisfaction of the Court that he has sustained substantial injury by reason of such irregularity or mistake.
47. If there is no application to set aside the sale under sections 45 and 46 or if any such application has been disallowed, the Court shall make an order confirming the sale, which shall, thereupon, become absolute.
48. The auction purchaser shall take the holding subject to lawful encumbrances, if any, including grant of land for public worship, public cremation ground or public burial ground.
49. Nothing in this Act shall prevent a holding of an occupancy tenant or a non-occupancy tenant being sold in the manner laid down above under orders of the Deputy Commissioner for the recovery of (i) a loan advanced by the State Government, the Union Government or a Co-operative Society, or (ii) any other Government dues, but the rent of the holding shall remain the first charge on the sale proceeds after defraying the cost of the sale.
50. If a tenant sublets or transfers the whole or any part of his holding otherwise than in accordance with the provision of this Act, then the tenant's interest thereon shall be forfeited; and
(a) If the transferee is an agriculturist, he shall be deemed to have become a tenant under the land-lord under the same terms and conditions as the transferor;
(b) If the transferee is a non-agriculturist then such transfer shall be void and the Deputy Commissioner may, after such enquiry as may be prescribed, and after ejecting any person in possessions, place any landless agriculturist as a non-occupancy tenant of the landlord.
51. (1) An occupancy tenant shall not be ejected by his landlord from his holding except in execution of a decree for ejectment passed on the ground that he has used the land comprised in his holding in a manner which renders it unfit for the purpose of the tenancy.
(2) Any tenant, not being an occupancy tenant, shall not be ejected from the land of his tenancy except in execution of a decree for ejectment passed on any one or more of the following grounds, namely:—
(a) That he has used the land comprised in his holding in a manner which renders it unfit for the purposes of the tenancy;
(b) That he has broken a condition of his tenancy consistent with the provisions of this Act, and on the breach of which he is, under the terms of the contract between himself and his land-lord, liable to be ejected;
(c) That he has failed to pay the arrear of rent; and
(d) That the land is bonafide required by the land-lord for his personal cultivation. No suit for ejectment on his ground shall be entertained before the expiry of 12 months or after the expiry of 15 months for the date of creation of tenancy:
Provided that if the tenant has elsewhere got no land or has lands less than 10 bighas in area, then he shall not be ejected on this ground unless he has been left with so much area as will make the total of his holding equal to 10 bighas:
Provided further that if the landlord does not cultivate the land personally within one year of the date of ejection of the tenant then the tenant shall be restored to his possession.
52. Every tenant who is ordered to be ejected from his holding shall be entitled to compensation for improvements lawfully made by him or his predecessors in interest in respect of his holding and the Court's order for ejectment shall be made conditional on payment of the compensation.
In estimating the compensation to be paid for improvement, regard shall be had to the following: —
(a) The amount by which the produce of the holding or the value of the produce or the value of the holding has increased by the improvement;
(b) The condition of the improvement and the probable duration of its effects;
(c) The labour and capital involved in making the improvement;
(d) Reduction or remission of rent or other advantage given by the landlord to the tenant in consideration of the improvement;
(e) In case of reclamation or irrigation, the length of time during which the tenant has had the benefit of the improvement at an unenhanced rent.
53. The following provisions shall apply in the case of every tenant ejected from a holding:—
(a) Where the tenant has, before the date of his ejectment, sown or planted crops in any land comprised in the holding, he shall be entitled at the option of the landlord, either to retain possession of that land till the harvest for the purpose of tending and gathering in the crops or to receive from the landlord the value of the crops as estimated by the Court executing the ejectment decree. If the landlord elects to allow the tenant to retain possession of the land till the harvest, the tenant shall be liable to pay to the landlord, during the period of such retention of possession such rent as the Court executing the ejectment decree deems reasonable.
(b) Where the tenant has, before the date of his ejectment, prepared for sowing any land of his holding but has not sown or planted crops therein, he shall be entitled to receive from the landlord the value of the labour and capital expended by him in preparing the land, as estimated by the Court executing the ejectment decree, together with reasonable interest on that value.
(c) In the case of an occupancy tenant compensation shall also be payable for trees standing on the land which the occupancy tenant is entitled to cut and appropriate.
(d) No tenant shall be ejected from his dwelling site, except after giving the tenant an option to purchase the dwelling site, and if the dwelling house was constructed at the landlord's cost, then also the dwelling house, at the prevailing market value. If there is any dispute as to the value, then the Court executing the ejectment decree shall determine the value after making such enquiry as it deems fit.
54. (1) No tenant shall be ejected from his holding except in execution of an ejectment decree passed by a competent Civil Court; and the relevant provisions of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908, shall apply to such proceeding.
(2) No suit for ejectment of a tenant on the grounds mentioned in Section 51(1)(2)(a) and (b) shall be entertained unless the landlord has first served a notice on the tenant requiring him to remedy, or to pay compensation for the misuse or the breach complained of and the tenant has failed to comply with it within one month of the receipt of the notice.
(3) If it appears to the Court trying the ejectment suit that the complaint of misuse or the breach is true but it is remediable, then it may direct the tenant to remedy the misuse or the breach or to pay a reasonable compensation fixed by it within a specified date, and if the tenant still fails to comply with the direction, shall pass the decree, unless there are other reasons for not passing such decree.
(4) No suit for ejectment on the ground mentioned in Section 51 (2) (c) shall be entertained unless at first a decree for rent has been obtained.
(5) No suit for ejectment on the ground mentioned in Section 51(2)(d) shall be entertained, unless a three months' notice ending with the date of expiration of the lease has first been served on the tenant.
55. (1) The State Government may, where a settlement operation under Chapter III of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886, is not being carried out at any time, make an order in the case of any local area, estates or part thereof directing that a record-of-rights, with or without survey, for all or any class or classes of tenants be prepared by a Settlement Officer.
(2) A notification in the official Gazette of an order under this section shall be conclusive evidence that the order has been duly made.
(3) The survey shall be made and the record-of-rights prepared in accordance with rules made in this behalf by the State Government.
56. Where an order is made under Section 55 the particulars to be recorded shall be specified in the order and may include either without or in addition to other particulars, some or all of the following, namely, —
(a) The name of each tenant;
(b) The class to which the tenant belongs and the date of creation of the tenancy in respect of non-occupancy tenants;
(c) The area and situation of the land held by the tenant;
(d) The name of each tenant's landlord;
(e) The rent payable at the time the record-of-rights is being prepared;
(f) The mode in which that rent has been fixed whether by contract, by order of a Court, or otherwise;
(g) If the rent is a gradually increasing rent, the time at which and the steps by which it increases;
(h) The special conditions and incidence, if any, of the tenancy;
(i) Any right of way or other easement attaching to the land for which the record-of-rights is being prepared:
Provided that, if lands are not used for purpose connected with agriculture, it shall be sufficient to record that fact together with such particulars as may be prescribed.
57. (1) Where a draft record-of-rights has been prepared, the Settlement Officer shall publish the draft in the prescribed manner and for the prescribed period, and shall receive and consider any objections which may be made to any entry therein, or to any omission there from, during the period of publication.
(2) Where such objections have been considered and disposed of according to such rules as the State Government may make, the Settlement Officer shall finally frame the record and shall cause it to be finally published in the prescribed manner and the publication shall be conclusive evidence that the record has been duly made under this Chapter.
58. (1) Where a record-of-rights has been finally published under section 57, the Settlement Officer shall, within such time as the State Government may by general or special order, require, make a certificate stating the fact of such final publication and the date thereof, and shall date and subscribe the same with his name and official title.
(2) The certificate of final publication, or, in the absence of such certificate, a certificate signed by the Deputy Commissioner of a district in which the estate, or part thereof to which the record-of-rights relates is situate, stating that a record-of-rights has been finally published on a specified date shall be conclusive proof of such publication and of the date thereof.
(3) The State Government may, by notification, declare with regard to any estate, that a record-of-rights has been finally published in the village in which the estate is situate and such notification shall be conclusive proof of such publication.
(4) In any suit or other proceeding in which a record-of-rights prepared and published under this Chapter or a duly certified copy thereof, or extract there from, is produced, such record-of-rights shall be presumed to have been finally published unless the contrary is proved.
(5) Every entry in a record-of-rights finally published shall be conclusive evidence of the matter referred to in such entry, and shall be presumed to be correct until it is proved by evidence to be incorrect.
59. (1) An appeal, if presented within two months from the date of the order appealed against, shall lie to the Director of Land Records or any other officer or officers authorised by the State Government in this behalf from every order passed by a Settlement officer prior to the final publication of the record-of-rights on any objection made.
The orders of the Director of Land Records or any other officer or officers authorised by the State Government in this behalf shall, subject to the following subsection be final.
(2) The State Government may in any case on application or of its own motion, direct the revision of any record-of-rights or any portion of a record-of-rights:
Provided that no such direction shall be made until reasonable notice has been given to the parties concerned to appear and be heard in the matter.
60. The State Government may make an order directing that the record-of-rights in any district, local area, estate or class of estates prepared under Chapter III, Part D, of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886, or under this Chapter shall be maintained, so far as the interests of tenants of any class or classes are concerned, by registering all changes in the ownership accompanied by possession of such interests.
61. When an order is made under section 60 the Deputy Commissioner or an officer invested with the powers of Deputy Commissioner under sections 50 to 54 of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886, who receive information through an application or otherwise of any change in the ownership himself or by some other person, and is not traceable in spite of the best efforts of the landlord, then the landlord may, at any time after expiration of two years from the date of the tenant's ceasing to cultivate the holding, and after giving information to the Deputy Commissioner and obtaining his permission thereto enter on the holding.
(2) If the landlord is a proprietor or a landholder, he may let it out to another tenant subject to the provisions of any law for the time being in force, or cultivate the land himself; but if the landlord is himself a tenant, he shall not let it out again to an under-tenant.
(3) If the tenant abandoning the land has an under-tenant below him existing from a date prior to commencement of this Act the said under tenant shall become a tenant under the landlord on the same terms and conditions as those on which the tenant who abandoned the land had held it.
65. When the landlord of any tenant's holding is a proprietor, land-holder or settlement holder and the entire interests of the landlord and the tenant in the holding become united in the same person by transfer, succession or otherwise, such person shall have no right to hold the land as a tenant but shall hold it as a proprietor, land holder or settlement holder, as the case may be; but nothing in this section shall prejudicially affect the rights of any third person.
66. Except where otherwise expressly provided for in this Act or the Rules made thereunder, no Civil Court shall exercise jurisdiction in any of the following matters, —
(a) Claims to enhancement, reduction or alteration of rent of holdings;
(b) Claims to deposit rent;
(c) Preparation of record-of-rights under Chapter X and preparation, signing, or alteration of any document contained therein;
(d) Maintenance of record-of-rights;
In these matters, the jurisdiction shall only be with the Revenue Court or Officer as the case may be.
67. In all proceedings under this Act before a Revenue Officer or in a Revenue Court, except those in connection with preparation of record-of-rights under Chapter X and except where otherwise expressly provided for, appeals shall lie as follows: —
(a) To the Assam Board of Revenue from original order of the Deputy Commissioner or the Settlement Officer, within 60 days of the order appealed against;
(b) To the Deputy Commissioner or the Settlement Officer, within 30 days of the order appealed against, from orders passed by any Revenue Officer sub-ordinate to him, even if the latter was exercising the delegated power of the Deputy Commissioner or the Settlement Officer when passing such order.
68. Except as provided in Section 66 and 67 the Civil Court shall have jurisdiction in all suits between landlord and tenant as such.
69. (I) The State Government may, from time to time make rules consistent with that Act declaring that any portion of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908, shall not apply to suits between landlord and tenants as such or to any specified classes of such suits or apply to them subject to modifications specified in the rules.
(II) Subject to any rules made under the foregoing section and to the other provisions of this Act, the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, shall apply to all such suits.
70. The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, invest generally or for special purposes and with such restrictions or conditions as it deems fit, —
(a) Any Revenue Officer or Assistant Settlement Officer with all or any of the powers of the Deputy Commissioner or the Settlement Officer; and
(b) Any Settlement Officer with all or any of the powers of the Deputy Commissioner for the purposes of and under this Act.
71. Whoever —
(i) Wilfully fails or neglects to comply with any requirements made of him under this Act, or
(ii) Contravenes any lawful order passed under this Act, or
(iii) Obstructs the Deputy Commissioner or the Revenue Officer or any Officer authorised by him in taking any lawful possession under this Act, or
(iv) Wilfully contravenes any provisions made in this Act or Rules made thereunder, or
(v) Furnishes information which he knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, shall, on conviction before a Magistrate, and in addition to any other action that may be taken against him, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to 6 months or with fine which may extent to one thousand rupees or with both.
72. No suit or processing or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything done in good faith in pursuance of any of the provisions of the Act or the Rules or orders made thereunder.
73. The Deputy Commissioner, may, for the purpose of this Act, require any person to produce any documents, paper or register which is in his possession or under his control, or to furnish any information which he may think necessary for the proper discharge of any duties under this Act.
74. Any officer, or authority holding an enquiry or hearing an appeal under this Act, shall have the power of a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 in respect of, —
(a) Enforcing attendance of any person and his examination on oath;
(b) Compelling production of document; and
(c) Issue of Commission.
Any possession, of any such interest as is referred to in the foregoing section may make an order directing the registration of the name of the person so entering into ownership and possession:
Provided that —
(a) The information has been verified by local enquiry made by an officer having the powers of Deputy Commissioner under section 50 to 54 of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886, or
(b) Notice has been published and enquiry held in a manner similar to that prescribed by Sections 52 and 53 of the Assam Land and Revenue Regulation, 1886.
62. Where any person is aggrieved by an order directing registration under Section 61 which has been made after verification of the information received by local enquiry only, he may apply to the officer passing the order or his successor in office to set aside the order and on receipt of such application the officer receiving it shall cancel the registration and then proceed to publish the notice and hold the enquiry as in clause (b) of the proviso to Section 61.
63. No tenant shall voluntarily surrender his holding except with the prior permission from the Deputy Commissioner and any voluntary surrender shall not be valid —
(1) If such surrender is not approved by the Deputy Commissioner;
(2) If the tenant does not give at least 3 months notice in writing to the landlord;
(3) If it is done without the consent and approval of the encumbrancer or under-tenant or tenant when there is an encumbrancer or an under-tenant or tenants as the case may be:
Provided that the landlord shall not be eligible to resume the land for personal cultivation. The Deputy Commissioner may, when he permits a surrender place a landless Agriculturist in the holding who shall, thereafter, become a non-occupancy tenant of the landlord.
64. (1) If a tenant not being an occupancy tenant voluntarily abandons his usual residence in the village or the neighbourhood without notice to his landlord and without arranging for payment of his rent, ceases to cultivate his holding, either by
75. (1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of the Act.
(2) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before the State Legislature while it is in session for a total period of fourteen days which may be comprised in one session or in two successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session in which it is so laid or the session immediately following, the Legislature agrees in making any modification in the rule or that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
76. (1) The Assam (Temporarily Settled Districts) Tenancy Act, 1935 and the Assam Adhir Protection and Regulation Act, 1948 are hereby repealed. [(Assam Act III of 1935) (Assam Act XII of 1948)]
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal;
(a) Any rule made, any order issued, any notification published, any proceeding commenced, any action taken, or any thing whatsoever done under the Acts repealed, shall continue and be deemed to have continued and have effect as if made, issued published, commenced, taken, or done under the provisions of this Act;
(b) Any action taken, order made, or other acts and things done by any officer acting or purporting to act under the Acts repealed shall be valid and shall be deemed always to have been valid and shall not be called in question in any Court on the ground of incompetency of the Officer to act under the Acts repealed.