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ANNUAL PLAN 2002-03
Education Department

DEMAND NO. 7

Education is the catalyst which generates human resources. Empirical evidence attests that education has largely contributed to the socio-economic progress and the improvement of the standard of living of the people of a nation.

The National Education Policy envisages the evolution of an integrated strategy in education that lends cohesion to the dual needs of the universalisation of education and quality education.

AT the start of millennium, education in Sikkim is at the crossroads. The expansion of out educational facilities and infrastructure at the school level has been achieved to a satisfactory level. There is now the arduous task ahead to improve and consolidate those quantitative expansion at the school level with booster doses of qualitative education and diversified vocationalisation. There is also the need to expand facilities of higher education.

The Education Department too has started redefining its role and strategy in administration. In the past, the tendency of the Department to shoulder too many functions and responsibilities imposed severe strains on its limited financial and administrative capabilities. Hence the Department adopts a selective approach based on priorities vis-à-vis its administrative functions and in the allocation of funds.

The target of 10% annual growth set for the State is deemed essential for sustainable development and to ensure equity and increase in the income of the poor and under privileged. However, in basic service sector like Education, economic growth cannot be the only objective. Human Resource Enhancement must be the primary consideration. Hence, the 10th Five Year Plan for Education Sector is not just a resource plan but a reform plan.

The strategic thrust under the Education Sector areas during in the 10th Plan period are as below:

A. ELEMENTARY EDUCATION (PRE-PRIMARY/PRIMARY/UPPER PRIMARY)

The Constitution of India guarantees Education as a fundamental right of every child in the country. The principal objective during the 10th Plan above the age of 5 years.

In 1984 pre-primary centre had been attached to primary sections to further facilitate elementary education. Today 739 pre-primary centers have been established and a large number of school mothers have been appointed to care for the children at this pre-school stage manner:-

Under the elementary stage the following schemes are to be maintained/taken up in a phased stage.

1. Need based expansion of physical facilities corresponding to the increase in enrolment

2. Improvement of existing facilities.

3. Continuance of motivating incentives e.g. free tuition, free text books, free copy books, free uniform.

4. Facilitate active involvement and participation of school Management Committees and Panchayati Raj Institutions.

5. Providing Compulsory teacher training by launching in-service Crash Training Courses

6. Special remedial training courses in the teaching of English, Maths and Science.

7. DIET to be consolidated.

8. Need based up-gradation of Primary/Upper Primary Schools

9. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Achieving Universal Elementary Education (UEE) by ensuring universal access and universal retention has been the primary objective of the Government of India dating right back to the time when the far sighted framers of the Constitution had pledged to make education a fundamental right. The centrally sponsored schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) aims at the convergence and synergy of schemes and efforts at all levels to achieve UEE in a time bound manner. Sikkim has recently come under the purview of SSA and the scheme has been implemented in West District. The pre-project implementations of SSA in the remaining three districts of East. North and South have been completed.

10. Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative and Innovation Education (AIE)

The Centrally sponsored scheme of Non Formal Education (NPE) had been introduced in 1979 as an alternative schooling system to support the formal education system to promote universal elementary education. The NFE has recently undergone modification and has now been packaged into two components – (a) Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS), and (b) Alternative and Innovation Education (AIE). Both the EGS and AIE are expected to be merged with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in the course of the Tenth Plan Period.

The proposals for the implementation of EGS and AIE are presently under appraise at the Education Department and will be implemented during the 10th Period.

B. SECONDARY EDUCATION

Secondary Education is the multi-laned bridge to higher education and professional and technological education. As Sikkim does not yet have an autonomous State board of Secondary and Senior Secondary Education, the State is wholly dependent on the Central Board. Hence the courses available to the students are limited to science, humanities and commerce streams. The State does not have the facilities to develop research in social science that bear relevance to Sikkim.

The Kothari Commission’s recommendation that 20% students in Class-IX and X should be directed to vocational courses has assumed growing relevance. The Department proposes to initiate restructuring the introduction of vocational courses at the secondary level. This would facilitate an entry mode to professional courses or equip the student for gainful employment. The Department proposes to introduce Computer Education in the regular curricula at the secondary level in the academic session 2002.

The teacher remains the pivotal input in the educational machinery. The major lacuna is the death of trained teachers. Teachers must be motivated and provided incentives to improve their qualification by availing the facilities of Distant Education and Open University like IGNOU. They must be encouraged to undergo in-service training programmes:

The following additional measures are proposed to consolidate Secondary Education –

1. Expansion of teachers training facilities. A District Centre of English has been recently established in Namchi, South Sikkim in addition to the existing Ditrict Centre for English at Gangtok.

2. Up-gradation of SIE to SCERT

3. Establishment of 2 Centres in Maths and Science

4. Special Coaching classes during the winter vacation in Maths, English and Science

5. Re-introduction of Computer Literacy and School Studies (CLASS) project of Ministry of Human Resource Development.

C. HIGEHR AND UNIVERSITY EDUCATION

Higher and University education is the apex of the educational pyramid. To establish our own full-fledged University is a vision that needs to be translated into a reality. The establishment of a State Advisory Board for Higher Education would be a step in the right direction. It’s imperative to increase the number of colleges and technical institutes. The proposals on the anvil are given below.

D. TECHNICAL EDUCATION-UNDER THE DIRECTORATE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Sectors such as software services and Technical Education enabled services are the new emergent trends that have assumed predominance in the accelerating global economy.

1) The Directorate of Technical Education is implementing the World Bank assisted Third Technician Project under which two polytechnics have been established in Sikkim, namely:

a) The Advance Technical Training Centre at Bardang, East Sikkim

b) The Centre for Computers and Communication Technology at Chisopani, South Sikkim.

2) The Industrial Training Institute (ITI) at Rangpo has been imparting vocational training in eight trades under the craftsmen training scheme of NCYT.

3) The Sikkim Manipal University has the Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology at Majitar which runs course in BE/BCA/MCA.

There is proposal to establish 4 more polytechnics through private sector involvement.

E. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

The small State of Sikkim has a dozen recognized languages. Each ethnic group aspires to fulfil the development of its dialect and language. And it is the responsibility of the State Government to assist and promote the development of these languages.

The State Government has recently introduced Sherpa, Tamang, Newari and Gurung language in certain schools. The exercise to recruit Teaches in these languages is in progress. Introduction of Sanskrit as one of the subject in secondary and Senior Secondary level is in the offing.

"SIKKIM – THE PEOPLE’S VISION"

The book has cited the low level of educational achievement and the low level of school completion in recent years and has attributed the causes to the following factors:-

a) Difficult assess to schools due to the rough terrain and climatic conditious particularly in remote areas. Absence of cheap regular transport.

b) Lack of training for teachers. Hence there is a work force of untrained and under-qualified teachers.

c) A rigid curricula that is not locally relevant.

d) Poor state of school room infrastructure.

The book however lauds the good progress in education over the past decde. Sikkim literacy rate of 69.68% surpasses the national average of 62%.

The Government’s scheme of distribution of free text books and exercise books and uniforms upto class – V make the State’s monthly expenditure of Rs 960/- per student, far above the All India average of Rs 210/- per student per month.

Conclusion:

The prime monitorable targets to be achieved in the 10th Plan are:-

1. 100% enrolment of children at the Primary level by 2007.

2. 100% completion of training of Primary Teachers.

4. Increase in literacy rates to 75% by 2007 and 80% by 2012.

The State Government proposes to add a new dimension in the role of education. Sikkim has the ideal location, climate and peaceful ambience for the establishment of public and boarding schools. The Government is presently reviewing the requests from private investors and reputed educationists to set up such schools in the State. The 10th Plan could thus witness the beginning of a productive partnership and inferaction with Private Sectors to develp education into an industry.

This could start a new chapter in the catalytic sage of education.

A ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

Revenue : Rs 2492.60 lakhs
Capital : Rs 484.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 2976.60 lakhs

The Constitution of India guarantees education as a fundamental right to every child. It has been one of the prime objectives of the State Government to ensure maximum access to educational facilities to all children in the State above the age of 5 years.

The Elementary Education sector covers classes Pre-Primary and upto Class-VIII. It has an enrolment of 1,37,656 students (69577 boys and 68079 girls) in 1478 schools. There is minimal disparity between enrolment of boys and girls.

Although at present there is a school within walking distance of every child, the State’s hilly terrain requires us to open more lower primary schools in the next five years. Due to Sikkim’s climate conditions of perennial summer rains and extreme cold winters, pucca school buildings are a must. Hence a major portion of the budgetary provisions is utilized in the construction of school buildings and in the repair and maintenance of existing structures.

The State government is providing incentive schemes like free education, free text books, free exercise books and free uniforms to achieve universalisation of elementary education.

In an effort to upgrade the quality of education, emphasis is being placed in enhancing and improving teacher training and provision of inputs like teaching aids.

Under the elementary stage of education, the following schemes will be maintained and taken up during 2002-2003.

Scheme No. 1:

Equipment and Machiner

Revenue: Rs 4.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Tota : Rs 4.00 lakhs

Owing to upgradation or various categories of schools purchase of furniture and equipment needs to be provided. Teaching and Learning equipment is also to be provided to gear up the students performance.

Scheme No. 2:

Minor works
Revenue: Rs 4.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 4.00 lakhs

Minor works includes the maintenance and repairs of existing school buildings and repair of furniture. This is a continuous process which needs to be taken up all year round.

Scheme No. 3:

Government Elementary Schools:
Revenue : 293.00 lakhs
Capital : Rs 480,00
Total : Rs 773.00 lakhs

This scheme covers, the construction of school buildings, general administration, upgradation of school libraries and provision for other incidentals. Provision under this schemes is utilized for pre-primary upto primary school.

Scheme No 4:

Assistance to Non-Government Elementary Schools
Revenue : Rs 100.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 100.00 lakhs

With the realization of the important role played by education in self development and preparation for the job market, the demand for quality education is on the rise. The Stte supports number of private schools having good academic records by providing them financial support in the form of grant-in-acts.

Scheme No. 5:

Non Formal Education
Revenue : Rs 1.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 1.00 lakhs

With the launching of various incentive schemes, the rate of school drop-outs has been reduced to a grat extent. However, owing to various socio-economic reasons there will be school drop-outs for some more years. This segment is proposed to be covered through Non-Formal education Centres and by providing them training, on some from of skills through the Vocational Education programmes.

Scheme No. 6:

Teachers & Other services
Revenue : Re 1600.60
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 374.00 lakhs

After the initial training, short term refresher courses are a must to keep the teachers update with the latest development in pedagogy and teaching techniques. Teachers being the vital agent for bringing about social change, it is imperative that special training programmes are organized throughout the year. A well trained teacher is not only confident of delivering the needed input but also is a highly motivated person.

We have to operationalise the DIETs as well as clear the huge backlog of untrained teachers. 1000 Primary Teachers at 10 centres and 300 Graduate Teachers at 03 centres are being trained through Distance Education Programme by IGNOU of 6 months Certificate

Course and 2 years BED Course respectively. The Certificate in Primary Education Course has been launched by the Chairman NCTE. Secretary MHRD, V.C. IGNOU and Principal Secretary Education, ‘Sikkim’ on 3rd October 2002, and the BED Course would be starting from 1st January, 2003.

Scheme No. 8:

Assistance to Zilla Panchayats/
Districts Level Panchayats
Revenue : Rs 8.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 8.00 lakhs

The Education Department has been transferring annually an amount of Rs 8.00 lakhs as assistance to Zilla Panchats and District Level Panchayats to enable them to undertaken minor repair and maintenance works of Primary and January Schools.

School No. 9:

Text Books
Revenue : Rs 100.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 100.00 lakhs

As per the policy of the State Government, Text-books are provided free upto Class-V and 50% of the cost charged to students of Classes VI to XII. It is proposed to continue the scheme for the Tenth Five Year Plan, as an incentive to reduce dropouts in schools.

Scheme No. 10:

Sikkim Board of School Education
Revenue : Rs 12.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 12.00 lakhs

Annually approx. 83.00 students appear as regular candidates at Class VIII Board examinations. To meet the expenditure on conducting these examination, which includes printing of question papers, answer scripts, Rs 12.00 lakhs has been provided in the Annual Plan 2002-2003.

B. SECONDARY EDUCATION

Revenue : Rs 1365.10 lakhs
Capital : Rs 86.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 1451.10 lakhs

Secondary Education is the multi laned bridge to higher education and technological education. Eleven middle schools have been upgraded to secondary level and seven secondary schools have been upgraded to Senior Secondary Schools, as there is an ever growing increase in the number of children entering the secondary level every year.

The Department proposes to initiate the restructuring and introduction of vocational courses and computer education due to their growing relevance. To cater to the training requirement of teachers the State Institute of Education (SIE) is to be upgraded to State Council of Educational Research and Training. SCERT.

The proposed outlay also envisages the introduction of new subjects like cultural history, sociology, education and environmental science at the secondary and senior secondary levels.

The following schemes will be taken up under Secondary Senior Secondary Education.

Scheme No. 1:

Direction and Administration (District)
Revenue : Rs 92.00
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 92.00

The proposed outlay has been projected for meeting expenses incurred on salaries, office expenses, stationary, maintenance/repair of vehicles, etc. for all the Districts including Sub-Divisional Offices. The offices of the Joint Directors have been set up all the Districts to have a proper supervision of academic performances and simplified administration.

Scheme No. 2:

Equipment and Machinery
Revenue : Rs 30.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 30.00 lakhs

This is a major input for improvement in quality of education. Old unserviceable items of furniture an laboratory equipment, teaching aids. ET support in Hardware and office equipment like Typewriters and Duplicating machines at the school complex level etc. are covered under this scheme. More funds are needed to replenish the consumable items.

Scheme No. 3:

Minor works (Maintenance of School Buildings)
Revenue : Rs 5.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 5.00 lakhs

Special repairs/ renovation of school buildings (residential and non-residential) is a regular feature of maintenance. The projection under this scheme is to meet the minor maintenance requirement of the schools which is a recurrent feature.

Scheme No. 4:

Teachers and other services:
Revenue : Rs 988.10 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 988.10 lakhs

The outlay under this head is to cover the expenditure on salary of both teaching & non-teaching staff as well as to meet the travel expenses. With the implementation of the scheme of advancement grade under which teachers who have completed more than 10 to 15 years are given the next higher pay scale, the liability under this head has become heavier. Further, it is proposed to upgrade 30 Junior High Schools to Secondary level and 20 Secondary schools to Senior Secondary level in order to met the growing demand due to increase in the enrolment of students for which the required number of posts of teachers have to be created in the different field of studies with other facilities. The provision included in the 10th Plan and also in the Annual Plan, is therefore, extremely necessary to meet the requirement as per the norms.

Scheme No. 5:

Text Books
Revenue : Rs 20.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 20.00 lakhs

As per the Government policy, all students, male and female are provided text books free of cost upto Class V. 50% subsidy is given from Class VI to Class XII and at the end of the academic session the cost of the text books is reimbursed to the students if the books are returned in entity and in good condition. The cost of books has been rising drastically and provision has been made to meet the cost difference.

Scheme No. 6:

Scholarship & Incentives
Revenue : Rs 50.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 50.00 lakhs

The Government is implementing a merit scholarship scheme for meritorious students with special skill in the special field of studies.

Scheme No. 7:

Government Secondary Schools
Revenue : Rs 35.00 lakhs
Capital : Rs 86.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 121.00 lakhs

There is an ongoing liability under the construction of school buildings. These school buildings were sanctioned during the 9th Plan but could not be completed due to severe financial constraints arising on account of revision of pay of the teachers. Some old buildings need to be replaced as the buildings constructed prior to 1970 need major renovations, provision for more class rooms due to increase in the enrolment of students which are of capital nature. This scheme also covers contingent expenditures like library and teaching aids required for the secondary and senior secondary schools.

Scheme No. 8:

Assistance to non-Government Schools
(Grant-in-Aid)
Revenue : Rs 100.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 100.00 lakhs

With a view to improving the quality of education in some private schools, the Government has been supporting some schools by providing them financial assistance in the form of Grant-in-Aids. These government aided schools have made repeated requests for enhancement of grant-in-aid to meet their existing liabilities. These schools are now being encouraged to start the plus II stage in Science and Humanities streams, and the projected outlays for the Tenth Plan as well as the Annual Plan 2002-2002 is for covering the expenses on these accounts.

Scheme No. 9:

Computer Training for Scheme Children (Upgradation Grant under EFC)
Revenue : Rs 43.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 43.00 lakhs

Computer Education has been introduced in 29 Senior Secondary Schools w.e.f. May 2002. Provision for requisite infrastructural facilities for the above is covered under this scheme.

Scheme No. 10:

Vocationalisation of Education (State share)
Revenue : Rs 1.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 1.00 lakhs

The State has been training school drop outs in various Government agencies and Public Sector Units so that they can become useful members of society and earn a respectable livelihood. With the changing employment scenario from Government to Private employment, it is expected that the scheme will pick up which would require an increased budget provision. The start has been made to provide training in printing technology, thanka making etc. to the school drop outs and the outlay proposed is to meet the costs toward such schemes.

Scheme No. 11:

Educational Technology (State share)
Revenue : Rs 1.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 1.00 lakh

Technological support is a crucial requirement for effective implementation of various educational programmes in the schools. The outlay is for continuance of the scheme in the schools for which contribution of the State on courses like typewriting, computer education etc. has been proposed for implementation with the scheme finances through other sources.

C. HIGHER AND UNIVERSITY EDUCATION

Revenue : Rs 223.10 lakhs Capital : Rs 240.00 lakhs Total : Rs 463.10 lakhs

The Number of students passing out from the schools has increased significantly over the years and many of them have to go to other States to pursue higher education due to limited intake capacity in a handful of colleges in the State. The Government has to now shift its attention to higher education and plans are underway to expand the existing colleges and offer new honours and post graduation courses. The Government has introduced the following State Languages viz-a-viz: Bhutia, Lepcha and Limboo at the two degree colleges in the State i.e Gangtok and Namchi. The Government also has plans to set up two new Degree Colleges in the West and East Districts besides expansion of existing college at Gangtok. The outlay projected includes the cost of acquisition of land for the purpose and for the cost of construction. The outlay also included the provision for the creation of posts of lecturers in the existing as well as proposed colleges to cover the various field of studies.

Scheme No. 1:

Sikkim Government College, Gangtok
Revenue : Rs 111.90 lakhs
Capital : Rs 50.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 161.90 lakhs

It is proposed to continue the expansion and upgradation programme of the college by introducing honours. Post graduate and vocational courses. It is proposed to strengthen the Library and provide lab facilities suited to Post Graduate and Honours courses, Adoption of revised UGC pay scales has led to a tremendous increase in the revenue expenditure. The existing college at Gangtok is over crowded and the college has to admit the students beyond its intake capacity. As such few more blocks have been proposed to be constructed in the existing complex so that more courses of modern subjects like environmental studies, computer education, remote sensing applications, disaster management, honours courses in order subjects have been proposed to be introduced to accommodate the students willing to joint the colleges. The creation of posts of lecturers in these file is also a simultaneous process.

Scheme No. 2:

Sikkim Government College, Namchi (South Sikkim)
Revenue : Rs 36.00 lakhs
Capital : Rs 30.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 66.00 lakhs

The long standing aspiration of the people of South Sikkim was fulfilled with opening of the second College at Namchi. In the initial stage, only Humanities stram has been started. It is proposed to start Science and Commerce streams once it has its own campus. Land at Kamrang (Namchi) has been acquired and the construction is in progress. The construction of building will be spilled over to the 10th Plan Period. It is also being proposed to diversity the courses in the college to meet the requirement of the students for which required number of posts of lecturers and other non-teaching staff have to be created. The outlay proposed includes the provision for these liabilities.

Scheme No. 3:

Sikkim Government Law College, Gangtok
Revenue : Rs 16.00 lakhs
Capital : Rs 60.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 76.00 lakhs

The college is losing substantial UGC grant due to the absence of its own campus, Suitable alternative is being identified and construction of building is being taken up on a Phased ,manner for which land has been acquired. The outlay projected is for the construction of building for the Law College and for other facilities including the creation of posts of lecturers and other non teaching staff.

Scheme No. 4:

Sikkim Institute of Higher Nyingmapa Studies, Gangtok
Revenue : Rs 41.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 41.00 lakhs

Expansion, consolidation and upgradation of the Institute is envisaged by way of improving upon the existing facilities. It is proposed to increase the intake capacity in the classes. Addition of more lecturers, class rooms, meet the deficiency of furniture and hostel facilities have been proposed to be taken up.

Scheme No. 5:

Sanskrit Maha Vidyalaya
Revenue : Rs 18.20 lakhs
Capital : Nil
Total : Rs 18.20

The Government has established a Sanskrit Maha Vidyalaya in Gyalshing in West District for pursuing higher studies in Sanskrit. To improve the facilities as well as to strengthen the faculty some budgetary outlay has been proposed which also includes the addition of more class rooms and library facility.

Scheme No. 6:

Establishment of New Colleges:
Revenue : Rs NIL
Capital : Rs 100.00 lakhs
Total : Rs 100.00 lakhs

With increasing number of students willing to undergo graduate courses in different field of studies in the colleges, the State Government has decided to establish a Science College at Soreng in West District for which acquisition of land for the purpose is in the process. Capital estimate for construction of the college has been proposed for taking up the construction work during the Tenth Plan Period in a phased manner. Similarly, one more college in the East District has been proposed, which will have different fields of studies. The outlay includes the provision for the acquisition of land and the construction of new building with modern facilities. As such the capital provision of Rs 15.00 crores for the construction of these two colleges has been proposed in the Tenth Plan so that the Students completing their school education can be admitted in the colleges as most of the students can not afford to study outside the State.

D. ADULT EDUCATION

The role of adult education in alleviation of poverty, inculcating the feeling of national integration, environmental management and conservation, preservation of Cultural heritage. Family planning, empowerment of women and weaker section of our society, can not be underestimated. It is, therefore, proposed to strengthen the State Adult Education Programme during the 10th Plan.

Scheme No. 1:

State Adult Education Programme
Revenue : Rs 0.20 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 0.20 lakhs

The scheme has specially been developed for the female learners. Under this programme, learning material and stationery will be provided free of charge. Lighting arrangement will be made wherever electricity is not available. The scheme will be implemented complex wise and centre wise.

D. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Language and communication skills are the most crucial factor in the learning process. Zits role in education at all levels can not be undermined. The State, though small, has almost one dozen recognized languages. Each ethnic group aspires for development of its dialect and language. It is therefore, binding upon us to give financial assistance as well as organize training programmes for the school and social languages, as per TLF and as per the State Government Policy.

Scheme No. 1:

Financial Assistance to State Languages
Revenue : Rs 8.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 8.00 lakhs

Besides Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha and Limboo, about half a dozen other languages have been declared as State Languages and the Government has taken up the programme to develop them. Among these, the following languages i.e. Newari, Gurung, Sherpa and Tamang is to be introduced into the School curriculum. This will require research and training, printing of text books and organizing workshop and seminars. Besides these State Languages, the State Government is running 12 Sanskrit Pathshalas where financial assistance to meet the running expenses is being given regularly.

F. DIRECTION & ADMINISTRATION

Revenue : Rs 145.00 lakhs Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 145.00 lakhs

With the ever increasing number of students, schools and teaching staff, it is but imperative to expand and strengthen the establishment sections at the Central Headquarters; the Engineering Cell and the Vocational Education Cell. The proposed outlay would also cover the routine expenditures on establishment and administration. More vehicles are needed to strengthen supervision and inspection of schools.

G. SCHOLARSHIP FOR OUT OF STATE STUDIES

Revenue : Rs 66.00 lakhs
Capital : NIL
Total : Rs 66.00 lakhs

In the field of Higher Education, the State is stil in a stage of infancy. Students have to be sent outside the State to pursue higher studies. Merit-cum-means stipends are given by the Government to deserving students in various categories in both the technical as well as general higher education studies where such facilities are not available in the State.

B. TECHNICAL EDUCATION

 

State Plan

EAP

Total

Revenue

Rs 14.00 lakhs

Rs 80.00 lakhs

Rs 94.00 lakhs

Capital

Rs 28.00 lakhs

Rs 920.00 lakhs

Rs 948.00 lakhs

Total

Rs 42.00 lakhs

Rs 1000.00 lakhs

Rs 1042.00 lakhs

 

The State is taking up Technical Education on a priority. This is an area that is under developed. Apart from the only existing ITI, two new Polytechnics are now under process of being established under World Bank Assisted 3rd Technician Education Project which will be completed by December 2005. Under this project the funds are available in the form of 90% Central grant and 10% State share. The Directorate of Technical Education has to be further strengthened and the running establishment cost of the directorate has to be borne by the State Government. A State Board of Technical Education is also required to be set up.

Scheme No. 1:

Direction & Administration

 

State Plan

EAP

Total

Revenue

Rs 14.00 lakhs

-

Rs 14.00 lakhs

Capital

NIL

-

-

Total

Rs 14.00 lakhs

-

Rs 14.00 lakhs

Technical education cell has been created for managing and implementation of technical education programmes in the State. Since this is at a initial stage, adequate staffing requirement has increased outlay in the Directorate.

Scheme No. 2:

SIKKIM GOVERNMENT POLYTECHNIC I&II

 

State Plan

EAP

Total

Revenue

-

Rs 80.00 lakhs

Rs 80.00 lakhs

Capital

Rs 28.00 lakhs

Rs 920.00 lakhs

Rs 948.00 lakhs

Total

Rs 28.00 lakhs

Rs 1000.00 lakhs

Rs 1028.00 lakhs

Resources are required for strengthening of the two Sikkim Government Polytechnics that have been very recently set up.

(1) Advanced Technical Training Centre at Bardang, East Sikkim in Technical Collaboration with Nettur Technical training Foundation, Bangalore.

(2) Centre for Computers and Communication Technology at Namchi, South Sikkim in Technical Collaboration with Nettur Technical Training foundation, Bangalore. The State share on the total cost of the project has to be met from State Plan. Hence the outlay has been accordingly included.

SECTORWISE DISTRIBUTION OF APPROVED OUTLAYS – 2002-2003

(Rs in lakhs)

Sl. No

Sector of Education

Approved outlay 2002-03

Of which Capital content

A

Elementary Education

2976.60

484.00

B

Secondary Education

1451.10

86.00

C

Higher Education

463.10

240.00

D

Adult Education

0.20

 

E

Language Development

8.00

 

F

Direction & Administration

145.00

 

G

Scholarship

66.00

 
 

Total (General Education)

5110.00

810.00

H

Technical Education (State Plan)

42.00

28.00

 

Polytechnic EAP

1000.00

920.00

 

Total Technical Education

1042.00

948.00

 

Grand Total

6152.00

1758.00

 

 

 

 

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